Spain

Templar Corps firma Protocolo con Sigillum Templi, principal club de Estudios Templarios de habla hispana

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El Templar Corps International (templarcorps.org) ha firmado un protocolo con Sigillum Templi, el más grande e importante club de Estúdios Templários de habla hispana. La primera iniciativa conjunta es un Curso de estudio en la web en español sobre la Orden del Templo, que comienza el 25 de julio.

En una breve entrevista, Víctor Padilla Nieto, Administrador General, nos da una idea de lo que podemos esperar de esta colaboración.

TEMPLAR GLOBE:Victor, cuéntanos sobre Sigillum Temple, cuando a sido fundado y qué tipo de trabajo se ha publicado?

VICTOR PADILLA NIETO: Sigillum templo es un proyecto creado en el 2015 por un grupo multidisciplinar que estudia la Historia, principalmente en el período de vigencia de la orden del Temple.
Esto conlleva una serie de líneas de investigación para comprender y posteriormente divulgar el entorno de los Pobres Compañeros de Cristo y su herencia.

TG: ¿Cómo podemos unirnos a Sigilum Templi?

VPN: Tenemos diferentes vías de divulgación: Página de Facebook muy dinámica; Blog del medievo con más de 1500 entradas Onda Sigillum. Con un programa que investiga las Claves Ocultas de la Historia
Una web dónde poner en común las investigaciones y con una zona privada para socios.

TG: ¿Hay un boletín o revista para suscribirse?

VPN: Desde hace unos meses disponemos de dos tipos de publicaciones. Una digital y gratuita rllamada Cartularium templi, que se publica en PDF y se distribuye vía Facebook y en la web, y otra de pago por suscripción anual, el Codice Sigillum, impresa a todo color con unas 100 paginas. Escrita por los más prestigiosos articulistas y conocedores del medievo en general y de la Orden del Templo en particular.

TG: ¿Cuán importante es la historia de los templarios en el contexto de la Reconquista?

VPN: La importancia de la reconquista en la península Ibérica por parte de la orden del Temple es vital. No se puede concebir sin su ayuda a los diferentes reinos cristianos peninsulares. Mallorca, Valencia, Murcia, Sevilla, Algarve, entre otros muchos, son territorios ganados por el Temple a los diferentes reinos mencionados. Participaciones en la conquista de Calatrava la vieja y la inequívoca victoria en las Navas de Tolosa en las que las crónicas destacan a los caballeros templarios como los más aguerridos.

TG: ¿Qué motiva esta asociación con Templar Corps?

VPN: El principal motivo para esta asociación con Templar Corps es poder divulgar la historia sin dogmatismo. Templar Corps está avalada por un equipo de librepensadores que los diferencia con la mayoría de entidades con otros fines divulgativos más o menos dirigidos. Tanto Sigillum Templi como Templar Corps son entidades autosuficientes e independientes.

TG: ¿Qué puede esperar aprender un estudiante de este Curso?

VPN: En este curso los estudiantes van a tomar conciencia plena de la vital importancia de la Orden en la península Ibérica, y no solamente esto, sino que aprenderá el conocimiento esotérico básico para entender el por qué de muchas de las acciones que tuvieron y su significado.

TG: ¿La ciencia, el arte, la arquitectura, el conocimiento y la espiritualidad templaria son relevantes hoy en día o es solo un recordatorio nostálgico del pasado?

VPN: Por supuesto son importantes. Nada que ver con la nostalgia del pasado. La iconografía templaria revela al iniciado un camino al esoterismo. La geometría sagrada aplicada a las construcciones se ha puesto cada vez más en valor con la aplicación de nuevas tecnologías del siglo XXI . La organización de las encomiendas es un hito en el medievo. La alimentación está reglada y aplicada con nociones de dietética e higiene alimentaria… En resumen, la continuidad que da la orden del Temple a la Gran Tradición Ancestral, pone de manifiesto el enorme conocimiento que se transmite a todos y para todos.

Gracias Victor. Te deseamos lo mejor para el curso.

Puedes encontrar más información aquí:

Templar Corps Signs Protocol with Sigillum Templi, main Spanish speaking Templar study club

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The Templar Corps International (templarcorps.org) – Academy has signed a Protocol with Sigillum Templi the largest and most important Spanish speaking Templar research club. The first joint initiative is an online Study Course in Spanish about the Order of the Temple, starting the 25th of July.

In a short interview, Victor Padilla Nieto, Administrador General, gives us an idea of what we can expect from this collaboration.

TEMPLAR GLOBE: Victor, tell us about Sigilum Templi, how old it is and what kind of research or investigation you have published?

VICTOR PADILLA NIETO: Sigillum temple is a project created in 2015 by a multidisciplinary group that
studies History, mainly in the period of the historical Order of the Temple. This involves a series of lines of research to understand and subsequently disclose the environment where the Poor Companions of Christ appeared and their heritage.

TG: How can we join Sigilum Templi?

VPN: We have different ways of making this work available: a very dynamic Facebook page , a Medieval blog with more than 1500 entries, a radio program program that investigates the Hidden Keys to History and a website where research can be shared and with a private area for members.

TG: Is there a bulletin or magazine to subscribe?

VPN: Yes. For a few months now we have had two types of publications. A free and digital one called Cartularium Templi, which is published in PDF and distributed via Facebook and the web, and another under annual subscription, the Codice Sigillum, printed in full color with about 100 pages, authored by the most prestigious columnists and connoisseurs of the Middle Ages in general and of the Order of the Temple in particular.

TG: How important is the history of the Templars in the context of the Reconquista?

VPN: The importance of the reconquest in the Iberian peninsula by the order of the Temple is vital. The different peninsular Christian kingdoms cannot be conceived without their help. Mallorca, Valencia, Murcia, Seville, Algarve, among many others, are territories won by the Temple to the different kingdoms mentioned. Their participation in the conquest of Calatrava the old and the unequivocal victory in the Navas de Tolosa in which the chronicles highlight the Knights Templar as the most fearless.

TG: What motivates this partnership with Templar Corps?

VPN: The main reason for this association with Templar Corps is to be able to spread the story without dogmatism. Templar Corps is endorsed by a team of freethinkers that differentiates them from most entities with other, more or less, purposes with an agenda. Both Sigillum Templi and the Templar Corps are self-sufficient and independent entities.

TG: What can a student of this Course expect to learn?

VPN: In this Course, students will become fully aware of the vital importance of the Order in the Iberian Peninsula, and not only this, but they will also learn basic esoteric knowledge to understand the reason for many of their actions and the meaning behind them.

TG: Are science, art, architecture, knowledge and Templar spirituality relevant today or is it just a nostalgic reminder of the past?

VPN: Of course they are important. Nothing to do with nostalgia for the past. Templar iconography reveals to the initiate a path to esotericism. The sacred geometry applied to constructions has been increasingly valued with the application of new technologies of the 21st century. The organization of the Commanderies is a milestone in the Middle Ages. Food is regulated and applied with notions of dietetics and food hygiene… In summary, the continuity that ensures that the Order of the Temple is part of the Great Ancestral Tradition, shows the enormous knowledge that has been transmitted to all and for all.

Thank you Victor. We wish you the best for the Course.

You can find more information here:

 

The delights of the Duero River Valley

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There is a part of Spain, within a day’s drive of the Algarve, that you may have never heard of, let alone visited. If I’m right, you have been missing something interesting.

I’m talking about the Duero River valley. If you have driven north through Spain, heading for France or Britain, you have almost certainly driven from Salamanca through Valladolid and on to Burgos and Santander or Bilbao or France. You have driven right across the Duero River just south of Valladolid in the small town of Tordesillas.

The Duero River rises near Soria and runs from east to west through the provinces of Valladolid and Zamora before it forms the Spanish-Portuguese border for a while. When it enters Portugal, it changes its name to become the Douro and splashes on west to Porto and the Atlantic.

We all know the wonderful Douro wines – but you may not be aware of the fact that, in Spain, this river nourishes some very excellent Spanish wines, too.

There are a number of DOs (Denominación de Origen) that depend on the special climactic effects created by the Duero. The best known are the Ribera del Duero (home of Vega Sicilia, which is arguably Spain’s greatest wine) to the east of Valladolid and Rueda to the south of Tordesillas, but excellent, though lesser known, wines are also produced in the DOs of Cigales, north of Valladolid, and in Toro, Zamora and Los Arribes, all in the province of Zamora.

The red wines of Valladolid province are primarily made with the Tempranillo varietal and the whites with Verdejo or, increasingly, Sauvignon Blanc. In Zamora province, Tempranillo (here often called Tinta de Toro or Tinta del Pais) is equally as important but Garnacha and Juan Garcia are gaining in usage. Almost all the wines produced in both provinces are single varietals rather than blends and it is only in the Rueda DO that white wines are produced in quantity.

The Toro wines were so prestigious that King Alfonso IX of Léon conceded privileges for their production in the 12th century and Columbus took Toro wine on his 1492 expedition, because it could survive long journeys due to its structure and body.

A group of us recently wanted to experience the various Duero wines in situ, so we used the harvest festival in Toro (Fiesta de la Vendimia) in mid-October as our excuse to spend a week tasting wines, eating some wonderful Castillian tapas and looking at the scenery and architectural wonders of the area.

Our base was the Hotel Juan II in Toro, overlooking the Duero and right next to the magnificent collegiate church of Santa Maria la Mayor, a really beautiful combination of Romanesque and Gothic architecture that was begun in 1160.

Not far away was the impressive Monasterio de Sancti Spiritus, founded in 1307 and home to a lovely collection of religious art and a beautiful Romanesque cloisters. More interesting, from our point of view, was the beautiful alabaster sarcophagus of Beatriz of Portugal, only child of King Ferdinand I and, in 1383, wife and Queen Consort of King Juan I of Castille.

Our tour took us to the Los Arribes DO, a long, narrow strip of rocky slopes along the eastern banks of the Duero on the Portuguese border (the name “Arribes” derives from the Latin ad ripam, which means “on the banks of”). The terroir is so hardscrabble and dry it is amazing that any wine at all can be grown, but, in fact, we tasted some quite drinkable ones. We also had the opportunity to take a cruise in the international waters of the ”Grand Canyon” of the Arribes del Duero. It was quite spectacular.

On our way back to Toro we stopped in Zamora for a walk around the old town, a look at the cathedral built in the mid-12th century, with its graceful cupola covered with scallop tiling, and an excellent dinner in one of the province’s finest restaurants, El Rincón de Antonio, the tasting menu of which was, of course, complemented by very tasty Rueda white and Toro red wines.

The Toro Fiesta runs over four days, and, during it, the town’s population swells from just under 10,000 to about 30,000, with the influx being almost entirely Spanish tourists.

The townsfolk are dressed in medieval costume and the celebrations are capped by the Gran Torneo de Justas Medieval on Saturday afternoon in the very rustic bullring. This is an hour long pièce de theatre, by four knights-errant and their pages, of (simulated) jousting, sword play and various pranks, all played for laughs to the vast amusement of the crowd. Of course, the knight representing Castille “won”, at the expense of the insipid (and probably drunk) knight representing Portugal and the mean and ugly black knight. Cheers all around.

On a political note, our visit was just after the “referendum” vote in Catalonia, and we were struck by the vibrant nationalist spirit in evidence all around us. There were many Spanish flags displayed prominently – a practice that, until now, had been rather frowned upon as being slightly fascist. It was clear that, while the illegal vote may have been divisive vis-à-vis Catalonia, it had certainly brought the rest of Spain closer together as a nation.

Our drive back home on the Sunday (with a boot full of good Spanish wine) was about 750km, all autoroute, and covered in about six hours – leaving time for a good tapas lunch on the way. Viva España!

By Larry Hampton

The mean and ugly black knight having a sword fight with the good knight (in red) representing Castille during the Gran Torneo Medieval in Toro’s bull ring

The Toro Clock Tower (Torre del Reloj), seen looking down on some of the revellers during Toro’s harvest festival

A view of the lovely cloisters in the Monasterio de Sancti Spiritus in Toro

The alabaster sarcophagus of Beatriz of Portugal in the Monasterio de Sancti Spiritus

The mid-12th century Zamora Cathedral

Ancient wine barrels in the vast cellars of the Menade winery deep underground in La Seca in Rueda

A view of the Duero River, with Portugal on the left and Spain on the right

The beautiful 12th Century Collegiate church of Santa Maria la Mayor in Toro

A typical display of the Spanish flag in the Plaza Mayor of Zafra

Una productora alemana graba en València del 24 al 26 de octubre un documental sobre el Santo Grial

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El director de documentales Alexander Landsberger vendrá a Valencia los días 24, 25 y 26 de octubre para rodar un documental sobre el Santo Grial que se prevé emitir en la televisión pública alemana.

El documental incluirá en el relato la nueva aportación realizada por la doctora en Historia del Arte por la Universitat de València (UV) Ana Mafé que en su tesis doctoral concluye “por primera vez” que el Cáliz de Valencia es una copa “de factura hebrea” y que, por sus características, coincide con el relato del evangelio y con la época en la que se data la Última Cena de Jesucristo.

La idea de grabar el documental se gestó en marzo, tras conocer el resultado de la investigación, con el objetivo de dar a conocer a nivel internacional las nueva informaciones que ratifican el Santo Cáliz de Valencia como el origen del constructo medieval del conocido Santo Grial, según ha informado en un comunicado la productora Story House Productions GmbH encargada del proyecto.

La película del Santo Grial, que es parte de una serie documental de los mitos más grandes del mundo llamada “Mitos de la humanidad”, producida por la productora en nombre de la emisora de televisión pública alemana ZDFinfo, es un documental de 45 minutos que cuenta la historia de una de las reliquias más sagradas de la humanidad.

El equipo, que también filmará en San Juan de la Peña y Jacetania los días 22 y 23 de octubre con la presencia del historiador Michael Hesemann, seguirán el Camino del Santo Grial y explicarán el porqué de su inspiración para el poema medieval Parzifal de Wolfram von Eschenbach.

La serie se prevé transmitir en ZDFinfo en el verano de 2020 y la compañía distribuirá una versión internacional del programa en todo el mundo.

in Valencianoticias, por

History of the Camino de Santiago

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The route known as the Camino de Santiago is neither a road nor a highway. It’s a walkway trod by travelers of all kinds for more than 2,000 years. Christians have traveled it for nearly 1,300 years.

Much of the route described in a 900-year old guidebook is still in use today. Some of it wends its way over the remains of pavement laid down by the Romans two millennia ago. It’s a route that writer James Michener—no stranger to world travel—calls “the finest journey in Spain, and one of two or three in the world.” He did it three times and mentions passing “through landscapes of exquisite beauty.” The European Union has designated it a European Heritage Route.

Christians are attracted to this remote corner of Europe because of a legend that Santiago de Compostela is the burial place of the apostle James the Greater. As such, it ranks along with Rome and Jerusalem as one of Christendom’s great pilgrim destinations.

The Camino de Santiago has its origins in pre-Christian times when people of the Celtic/Iberian tribes made their way from the interior to land’s end on the Atlantic coast of Galicia. For them, watching the sun set over the endless waters was a spiritual experience. As part of their conquest of Europe, the Romans occupied Iberia by 200 B.C. They built infrastructure, including a road from Bordeaux in modern France to Astorga in northwest Spain, to mine the area’s gold and silver. Some of the original road remains on today’s Camino.

When the apostles spread out across the known world to preach the Christian gospel, tradition has it that James the Greater came to Galicia. On returning to Palestine he was beheaded by Herod, becoming the first apostolic martyr. A legend that has persisted for 2,000 years claims that his followers took his body back to Galicia, where it was buried inland.

By the 12th and 13th centuries, half a million pilgrims made their way to and across northern Spain and back each year. Local kings and clergy built hospitals, hostels, roads and bridges to accommodate them. The Knights Templar patrolled the Camino, providing protection, places of hospitality, healing and worship, as well as a banking system that became one source of their fabled wealth.

Among the historical figures who made the pilgrimage to Santiago are Charlemagne, Roldan, Francis of Assisi, Dante Alighieri and Rodrigo Diaz (El Cid, Spain’s great epic hero). In The Canterbury Tales, Chaucer tells us that the Wife of Bath had been to Santiago. Not all were enamored of it, however. In the 1500s, Sir Francis Drake, who did more than his share of harassing the imperial Spanish, referred to Santiago as “that center of pernicious superstition.”

A combination of the Protestant Reformation, the Enlightenment and European wars gradually suppressed the Camino. In the 17th century Louis XIV of France forbade his subjects from going to Santiago in order to stop trade with Spain. The Camino fell into disfavor but was never abandoned.

Now, after centuries of slumber, the Camino is alive with upward of 100,000 pilgrims—and growing—yearly.

in magazine.nd.edu

The Mysterious Stories of Castle Ponferrada: Knights Templar, the Camino de Santiago and the lost Sword of Jacques de Molay

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Every pilgrim who is traveling along the French route of the Camino de Santiago, going to Santiago de Compostela, will pass through the Ponferrada in the Spanish section. Most of them have no idea that centuries ago along the same route passed the legendary Jacques de Molay, the last Grand Master of the Templar Order.

Did they travel in their famous armors? I don’t think so. It is more likely that they wore comfortable clothes, similarly to other pilgrims of their times. Just imagine, the famous Jacques de Molay, Grand Master of the Templar Order, traveling from France to Santiago de Compostela, located in the northwestern part of Spain. The journey was long and perhaps took a few weeks depending on the physical condition of the pilgrim. However, at the end of the route was waiting the majestic Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. The primary reason to make this pilgrimage was, and still is, to offer a prayer to the Apostle James the Elder.

The Story of the Monumental Castle

Ponferrada is known due to Castillo de Los Templarios, the Castle of the Templars which is the impressive size of 16000 square meters. Its appearance brings to mind legendary stories about the Spanish knights. A visit to the castle might inspire one to learn about the remarkable Spanish medieval history but also can allow you to travel back through time to a long lost era.

The site was known as a valuable place of defense from at least the Roman period. For centuries this land was covered with gorgeous vineyards and a heartwarming landscape. The castle was built in 1178 AD by Ferdinand II of Leon to protect the pilgrims of Camino de Santiago (The Way of St. James).The property belonged to the Knights of the Templar Order. It was confiscated in 1311 when the order faced the cruelest drama among all of the Christian Knight orders. In 1340 it became the property of the Count of Lemos. 146 years later, the King of Spain incorporated the monumental Castle of Ponferrada into the crown.

Although now some defense elements of the construction have been removed, the castle still retains its characteristic style. Currently, the castle is in the process of ongoing restoration. It hosts the Templar’s Library and the Ponferrada Investigation and Study Center. Although many secrets of this place have been told, there  are dozens of stories related to the pilgrims of the Camino de Santiago still await revelation. One of the known tales is related to the famous Jacques de Molay, a Grand Master of the Templar Order.

In The Shadow of Camino de Santiago

As mentioned, the existence of the Templar Order and the story of Camino de Santiago were intertwined in medieval times. ”Much of the route described in a 900-year old guidebook is still in use today. Some of it wends its way over the remains of pavement laid down by the Romans two millennia ago. It’s a route that writer James Michener—no stranger to world travel—calls “the finest journey in Spain, and one of two or three in the world.” He did it three times and mentioned passing “through landscapes of exquisite beauty.” The European Union has designated it a European Heritage Route. Christians are attracted to this remote corner of Europe because of a legend that Santiago de Compostela is the burial place of the apostle James the Greater. As such, it ranks along with Rome and Jerusalem as one of Christendom’s great pilgrim destinations. The Camino de Santiago has its origins in pre-Christian times when people of the Celtic/Iberian tribes made their way from the interior to land’s end on the Atlantic coast of Galicia. For them, watching the sun set over the endless waters was a spiritual experience. As part of their conquest of Europe, the Romans occupied Iberia by 200 BC. They built infrastructure, including a road from Bordeaux in modern France to Astorga in northwest Spain, to mine the area’s gold and silver. Some of the original road remains on today’s Camino.”

The impressive cultural heritage of the route became a puzzle that created one of the most famous pilgrimage routes in the history of the world. This is where thousands upon thousands of people since early medieval times were traveling hoping for God’s mercy or for many different reasons. Some of the pilgrims traveled there due to the political aspects. In the case of Jacques de Molay, the pilgrimage was caused by the mixture of political and religious reasons. As he was passing through the Camino, he visited the fortresses that belonged to his Order.

The story says that when Jacques de Molay was leaving the Ponferrada Castle and going to the sanctuary, he decided to leave in the chapel his sword as a votive relic.

The Mysterious Missing Sword

The sword of Jacques de Molay is considered a legend. Although from time to time someone starts to repeat the old legend, there are no clues as to what happened to this artifact. If the story about the remarkable Templar relic is real, what happened to this object?  The answer to this is unknown. According to some stories told by the locals, it existed until Franco’s times, but it seems to be unlikely. The times of Franco reduced the number of priceless artifacts in Spain, but perhaps not in this case. The explanations that are much more convincing say that the sword was lost in the medieval period, used during fighting or taken by the cocky local ruler who wanted to look more glamorous wearing the sword of the famous de Molay. It is also possible that the sword is lying somewhere hidden under stones or earth, waiting for the glorious moment when it will be rediscovered.

By Natalia Klimczak in ancient-originas.net

Order of Santiago: The Knights of Spain and Their ‘Holy War’

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The Order of Santiago is a Christian religious-military order of knights that was founded in Spain during the Middle Ages. Like the Templars and Hospitallers, the order was established to protect pilgrims and to fight against the Muslims. Instead of the Holy Land, however, the Order of Santiago carried out their duties in Spain. The order continues to exist today though as a civil association.

One of Four Spanish Military Orders

The Order of Santiago (known also as the Order of Saint James of the Sword) is one of the four Spanish military orders, the other three being the Orders of Calatrava, Alcántara, and Montesa. According to legend the order was founded by Ramiro I, the king of Asturias, during the 9 th century. The king had won a great victory over the Moors during the Battle of Clavijo in 844 AD. This battle had a great impact on Spain’s national identity. For instance, the triumph of the outnumbered Christians was attributed to the apparition of Saint James, thus contributing to his adoption as the patron saint of Spain. Additionally, the site of Santiago de Compostela developed into an important pilgrimage center and the pilgrims were protected by cavalry.

When Was the Order of Santiago Founded?

The Battle of Clavijo, however, is considered by historians to be fictional and therefore the Order of Santiago is very unlikely to have been founded during the 9 th century. Instead, it is generally accepted that the order was established around the middle of the 12 th century. The exact details surrounding the founding of the order, however, are obscure as there are two rival claimants for the honor.

According to one account, the order had been founded by Ferdinand II, the king of León, in 1171. While on his way back to León from Badajoz, the king took control of the city of Cáceres. It was there that he, the bishop of Salamanca, and 13 knights established the Order of the Fratres of Cáceres. In the same year, the order received its first rule from Cardinal Jacinto, the legate of Pope Alexander III in Spain. Pedro Fernández de Castro served as its first grandmaster. De Castro was a veteran warrior who had gone on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, where he encountered the Templars and was inspired to establish a similar order in his homeland.

Why Was the Order of Santiago Founded?

In 1173, the Almohads launched an attack on Cáceres to retake the city. Although the city was captured, the knights refused to surrender and continued to fight. After the battle, the knights were decapitated, and their heads displayed as trophies as a warning to the Christians. The remaining members of the order formed an alliance with the regular canons of Saint Augustine (as the knights themselves followed the Rule of Saint Augustine) and were now responsible for protecting the Sepulchre of Saint James at Santiago de Compostela and the pilgrims who journeyed there.

Who Was the Founder of the Order of Santiago?

In the meantime, the knights had lost their patron, as they had been expelled from Cáceres and were not on good terms with Ferdinand II. As a consequence, they began looking for a new patron and found one in Alfonso III, the king of Castille. In 1174 Alfonso III granted the knights the castle and village of Uclés (in Cuenca) which would serve as their new headquarters. Moreover, using his influence, Alfonso III had the pope, Alexander III, issue a bill recognizing the Order of Santiago as a religious order. Therefore, Alfonso III sometimes considered to be the founder of the order, as opposed to Ferdinand II.

The Growth of the Order of Santiago

The Order of Santiago grew rapidly and at its height had more possessions than the two older orders of Calatrava and Alcántara combined. An important turning point in the history of the order occurred in 1499. The Reconquista had been completed by then and Spain was unified under the rule of the Catholic Monarchs, Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. In order to strengthen their own position, the rulers obtained permission from the pope to assign to them the administration of the three major Spanish orders – Santiago, Calatrava, and Alcántara.

The Continuation of the Order of Santiago

The power of the Spanish military orders came to an end during the reign of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V (who ruled the Spanish Empire as Charles I) when the orders were incorporated into the Spanish Crown. Although the orders were united under one government, they still had the right to hold their possessions, titles, and functions separately. Additionally, a Council of Orders was formed to oversee the administration of the orders. Nevertheless, the orders retained their prestige and many figures involved in the conquest and governance of Spain’s possessions in the New World hailed from these orders.

As the Order of Santiago was part of the Spanish Crown it was suppressed in 1873 when Spain declared itself a republic for the first time. After the fall of this republic, the order was re-established though as a nobiliary institute. The order was once more suppressed following the proclamation of the second republic in 1931, which was followed by the Spanish Civil War and the dictatorship of Francisco Franco. Democracy was restored in 1976 and with it the monarchy and the Order of Santiago. The order continues to exist till this day.

By Wu Mingren in ancient-origins.net

Abre al público el edificio islámico más completo de Toledo, el Museo Casa del Temple

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El próximo 30 de agosto abrirá al público el Museo Casa del Temple en Toledo, una nueva oferta turística que sumará riqueza patrimonial y que permitirá conocer un Bien de Interés Cultural considerado la casa islámica más completa que existe hoy en día en la ciudad.

Tal y como publica en su cuenta de Facebook el Museo Casa del Temple, el objetivo es convertir este espacio en un centro cultural, en sala de exposiciones, gastrobar y en lugar de eventos. Además, allí se expondrán un conjunto de piezas arqueológicas aparecidas en la casa, otras piezas de colecciones privadas, así como un 3D con el que entender la edificación en su origen.

La actividad expositiva comenzará con una muestra del artista chileno afincado en España Guillermo Muñoz Vera.

La Casa del Temple en Toledo data de los siglos XI-XII, perteneciendo a esta época la estructura general, típicamente andalusí, sustentada por las bóvedas del sótano y organizada en torno al patio. Diversas fuentes coinciden en señalar que el inmueble fue, en tiempos, propiedad de la Orden de los Templarios, a los que probablemente les donase el edificio Alfonso VIII para recabar su apoyo a las diversas campañas militares del monarca.

Enclavada en pleno Casco Histórico, justo al lado de San Miguel el Alto, sus alfarjes fueron restaurados en 2017 por el Consorcio de la ciudad, entrando a formar parte de las rutas del patrimonio desconocido.

Bien de Interés Cultural con la categoría de monumento desde 2002, el patio interior de la planta baja comunica con las cuatro crujías que definen el inmueble. Lo que vemos a nuestro alrededor son un arco de medio punto decorado con yeserías mudéjares y, ojo, el forjado del techo primitivo, que se supone que es anterior a 1109 y con canes labrados en el interior del patio. Y en uno de sus laterales conserva el alfarje con las tabicas originales. A cada lado de esta entrada, dos arcos de herradura apuntados y decorado con finas yeserías.

Ya en el sótano se encuentra un salón con un zócalo decorado con pinturas y que representan arcos entrecruzados, temas vegetales y una cenefa, todo supuestamente anterior a 1109. A lo que hay su añadir la planta primera y el ático.

in encastillalamancha.es

La misteriosa relación de la casa más antigua de Toledo y los templarios

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La casa del Temple, la que podría ser la casa más antigua de Toledo mejor conservada (data de los siglos XI-XII), podrá visitarse este sábado 18 de marzo de forma gratuita, tras la última restauración realizada en los alfarjes de su planta primera, compuestos por vigas «de las más antiguas de España».

La jornada gratuita de puertas abiertas forma parte del programa «Patrimonio desconocido», impulsada por el Consorcio dentro de las actividades organizadas con motivo del 30 Aniversario de Toledo Ciudad Patrimonio de la Humanidad, según ha informado el Ayuntamiento una en nota de prensa. Cada mes se visita y se da a conocer un espacio histórico rehabilitado que normalmente está cerrado al público. El último fue la fuente de Cristina Iglesias en el Convento de Santa Clara.

Rosana Rodríguez, concejala de Turismo, asegura que uno de los objetivos del 30 aniversario es abrir espacios desconocidos para «el disfrute» de los toledanos y también de los turistas y que, gracias a ello, se puede conocer una representación de la arquitectura civil de los siglos XI y XII salvada después de «tantos» siglos de historia. En este caso, la jornada de puertas abiertas se celebrará el sábado 18 de marzo, de 10:00 a 14:00 y de 16:00 a 18:00 horas, en la calle Soledad, número 2.

La cruz de Malta, en una de las ventanas de la Casa Temple
La cruz de Malta, en una de las ventanas de la Casa Temple

El Consorcio ha intervenido para llevar a cabo la restauración de los alfarjes de la planta primera que «no se habían terminado de limpiar y proteger» en la rehabilitación de 1997, en la que parte del artesonado de la Casa del Temple, según ha avanzado el presidente del Consorcio de Toledo, Manuel Santolaya, está compuesto por «vigas de las más antiguas de España».

Santolaya ha explicado que se trata de un «sitio excepcional» que tiene relación con el palacio de la Aljafería de Zaragoza y la iglesia de San Millán de Segovia y que incluso alguna de sus piezas, en concreto una alacena mudéjar, se encuentra en el museo británico.

Detalle de uno de los rincones de la Casa del Temple
Detalle de uno de los rincones de la Casa del Temple– LUNA REVENGA

El propietario de este antiguo palacio islámico, declarado Bien de Interés Cultural, Amador Valdés, ha asegurado que «seguramente es la casa más antigua de Toledo mejor conservada», en la que destacan sus zócalos de pinturas bícromas y sus estructuras de madera, «las mejores conservadas in situ del país», en las que han aparecido policromías que estaban ocultas tras la última restauración.

Casa del Temple
Casa del Temple– LUNA REVENGA

El propietario ha indicado que hay muchas leyendas que relacionan la Casa del Temple con la Orden de los Templarios pero ninguna oficial y ha dicho que en el siglo XIX, el historiador Amador de los Ríos ya denominó este espacio como Casa del Temple, al igual que Benito Pérez Galdós en su novela «Ángel Guerra».

Durante el siglo XIX, se conservaba además de la Casa del Temple, que ocupaba «toda la manzana», la Casa de la Parra, hoy desaparecida, que era donde se ubicaba «supuestamente la alacena del Temple», exportada a Londres tiempo después.

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«Toledo fue la única ciudad templaria de España»

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El joven investigador y escritor José Manuel Morales (Córdoba, 1981) ha acudido este jueves a Toledo con su tercer ensayo sobre temas históricos y de misterio debajo del brazo. En esta ocasión, se sumerge en la historia del Orden del Temple con su libro «Templarios: Claves ocultas en catedrales góticas, vírgenes negras y la búsqueda del Santo Grial en España» (Ediciones Luciérnaga). Una obra que ha presentado en la Biblioteca de Castilla-La Mancha junto al también investigador y colaborador de Cuarto Milenio Luis Rodríguez Bausá y Juan Luis Alonso, autor de la web leyendasdetoledo.com.

-Los templarios es uno de los temas más manidos de la historiografía. ¿Qué aporta de novedoso su libro?

-Aunque a mí me encargaron un ensayo, «Templarios» no es un estudio de investigación al uso, ya que hay muchas obras sobre este tema y la época medieval. Yo me he alejado del libro clásico y ofrezco al lector, tanto al que se acerca a esta temática por primera vez como al docto en la materia, una aventura y un viaje en primera persona por las iglesias y fortalezas con huellas templarias, todo ello de forma novelada, aunque no deja de ser un ensayo.

-¿Por qué cree que los templarios tienen tanto poder de atracción entre los lectores y el público en general?

-Por un lado, porque creo que todos los seres humanos tenemos simpatía por las minorías perseguidas. En el caso de los templarios, fue una organización que creció de manera meteórica, luego fueron perseguidos de forma injusta y tuvieron un final muy romántico. Además, a esta orden se la ha relacionado siempre con los temas más fascinantes del medievo, como los últimos caballeros medievales, la construcción de las catedrales góticas, las vírgenes negras o reliquias como el Arca de la Alianza, el Santo Grial y la Mesa del rey Salomón.

-¿Qué hay de cierto en muchos de los mitos y leyendas que se asocian a esta orden?

-Yo soy de los que opina que toda leyenda tiene un poso de realidad. Para la investigación de la Orden del Temple, aunque gran parte de la documentación no se conserva, ha habido que rellenar las lagunas históricas echando mano a las leyendas, siempre separando el grano de la paja, pero está claro que cuando el río suena agua lleva.

-¿Y cuál es el misterio de su fulgurante ascenso y de su no menos repentina disolución y persecución?

-Quizá, lo más llamativo sería pensar que encontraron el Arca de la Alianza y relacionar la eclosión del arte gótico -surgido alrededor de 1130- con el ascenso de los templarios y, cuando la Orden del Temple es disuelta, este estilo artístico desaparece. Por eso, la hipótesis que yo lanzo en el libro es que encontraron este valioso objeto que les hizo poderosos a ojos del Papa, de monarcas y nobles, además de permitirles el acceso a cierta información para aplicar la geometría sagrada a los templos que ellos mismos financiaron.

-Francia es quizá el país donde las huellas templarias son más claras. Pero, en su expansión, llegaron hasta España. ¿Qué les trajo hasta aquí?

-Los templarios vinieron por dos motivos. Por un lado, su razón fundacional era proteger a los peregrinos que acudían a Jerusalén y, en el caso de España, este papel lo desempeñaron en torno al Camino de Santiago. Y, por otro lado, fue importante su labor en la Cruzada contra los territorios musulmanes en la Península Ibérica, como en el caso de la batalla de las Navas de Tolosa en 1212 o en la conquista del valle del Guadalquivir bajo el amparo del rey Fernando III El Santo.

-Toledo tuvo un gran papel para ellos. ¿Por qué?

-Toledo es uno de los lugares de la Península Ibérica con más huellas de la presencia de la Orden del Temple. Además, tiene una peculiaridad, ya que las encomiendas templarias habitualmente se situaban alejadas de las ciudades, pero Toledo fue la única ciudad con presencia templaria de España por así decir.

in ABC.es

M. CEBRIÁN Toledo

New Squires, Knights and Dames in the Iberian Priory

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Once again the Pentecost was the magical occasion for the reception of new members in the Iberian Priory, this time in a beautiful ceremony conducted by the Commandry of Sintra in a secluded place in the middle of the Alentejo plains.

The ceremonies took two days. In the first day the new Squires were given their last instructions before committing themselves to the Order. It spoke of service, of the role the Squire had in the old Chivalric Orders and how it translates symbolically to today.

After each of the Squires was admitted to the service of the Order, the ceremonies were halted so that the chapel could be re-arranged in order to start the Pentecost Vigil, during which two Squires that had been admitted last year became a new Knight and Dame of the Order.

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Guarding the Tower during the Pentecost Vigil

The Vigil took place, as it is traditional, throughout the course of the night. The two Squires were supplied with sacred texts and doctrinal comments for their meditation, including a section of the “Book of the Order of Chivalry” by Ramon Llull.

As morning broke, the Commandry proceeded with the arming ceremonies, which were drawn to a close early in the morning of Sunday with a light breakfast in the woods.

The Priori of Iberia wishes to congratulate the new Knight, Rui Bento, KTJ and Dame Ana Brum, DTJ. We hope they will find a meaningful pathway for their spiritual quests in this new stage of their lives. The Priory also wishes to congratulate the new Squires, hoping that they can now see Chivalry as a living force, instead of dead letters in the pages of a dusty old book.

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Part of the liturgical team (Commandry of Sintra, Prioratys Ibericus, Osmthu)

Novos Escudeiros, Cavaleiros e Damas no Priorado Ibérico

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Uma vez mais o Pentecostes foi a ocasião mágica escolhida para se proceder à recepção de novos membros no Priorado Ibérico, desta vez numa bela cerimónia conduzida pela Comendadoria de Sintra num lugar ocluso no meio das planícies do Alentejo.

As cerimónias tiveram a duração de dois dias. No primeiro os novos Escudeiros tiveram a sua última sessão de instrução antes de se comprometerem com a Ordem. A instrução falou sobre o serviço, sobre o papel que o Escudeiro tinha nas antigas Ordens de Cavalaria e de como esse papel se traduz simbolicamente nos dias de hoje.

Depois que cada um dos novos Escudeiros foi admitido ao serviço da Ordem, as cerimónias foram suspensas de modo a que a capela pudesse ser arrumada para a Vigília do Pentecostes, durante a qual dois Escudeiros que tinham sido admitidos no ano passado fossem armados respectivamente Cavaleiro e Dama da Ordem.

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Guarda à Torre durante a Vigília do Pentecostes

A Vigília teve lugar, tal como é tradicional, ao longo de toda a noite. Aos dois Escudeiros foram dados textos sagrados e comentários doutrinais para meditação, incluindo uma secção do “Livro da Ordem de Cavalaria”, de Ramon Llull.

Logo que a aurora despontou a Comendadoria procedeu às cerimónias de armação, que foram concluídas durante a manhã de Domingo com um pequeno-almoço leve no parque florestal contíguo.

O Priorado da Ibéria deseja dar os parabéns ao novo Cavaleiro Rui Bento, KTJ e Dama Ana Bru, DTJ. Fazemos votos para que eles possam encontrar um caminho de significado profundo nas suas buscas espirituais neste novo estágio das suas vidas. O Priorado deseja igualmente dar os parabéns aos novos Escudeiros e Escudeiras, reafirmando a esperança de que possam agora ver a Cavalaria como uma força viva, em vez de mera letra morta nas páginas poeirentas de um livro velho.

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Parte da equipa que conduziu o ritual (Comendadoria de Sintra, Prioratus Ibericus, Osmthu)

Hold it, Padre Pio! The Holy Grail is in Spain, say historians. And not in Valencia!

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In the wake of last week’s announcement that two historians had located the Holy Grail, thousands of Christians have swarmed the Basilica of San Isidoro, hoping to catch a glimpse of the legendary Cup of Christ.

Curators of the ancient church were forced to pull the alleged Holy Grail from its traditional place and relocate it to an exhibition room in the hopes of accomodating the new influx of pilgrims. Raquel Jéan, the director of the Basilica’s museum, told reporters in a statement to AFP:

“It was in a very small room where it was not possible to admire it to the full.”

The Basilica of San Isidoro is located in León, Spain, where it was erected over the ruins of a temple to the Roman god Mercury. Until the 10th century, the Basilica served as a monastery to an order of Benedictine sisters, and then in 1063 the site was rededicated to Saint Isidore of Seville. The former monastery served for several generations as the site of a royal burial chamber, and eleven Spanish kings lie buried alongside their queens and servants under the massive slabs of marble and stone that served as the Royal Pantheon.

While the site still drew a large number of visitors prior to last week, this week the influx of tourists grew exponentially. This is due to the explosive claims made recently by Margarita Torres and José Ortega del Río, a pair of Spanish historians who claim they have successfully identified the Holy Grail in Kings of the Grail, a book that was published last week.

According to Torres and del Río, the Holy Grail is an onyx goblet that sits like a Russian nesting doll within another larger, gold and jewel encrusted cup, known as the Chalice of Doña Urruca. The historians believe that both the Holy Grail and the chalice it rests in have been residing at the Basilica since sometime in the 11th century.

The Chalice of Doña Urruca, Torres and del Río believe, was brought over to Spain from Egypt, with the Grail already built inside the larger goblet. It was a gift to King Fernando I from emmisaries of the Muslim nation, whom he had given assistance to while Egypt was suffering from a famine.

Recent scientific studies have at least confirmed that the cup within the Chalice of Doña Urruca is old enough to be the Holy Grail. Carbon dating shows the cup to be anywhere from 1900 to 2300 years old.

Meanwhile, the Basilica of San Isidoro has received almost a year’s worth of visitors in the last week alone. If the chalice in question proves to be the Holy Grail, who knows how many people will make the pilgrimage to the City of City of León?

Los templarios no caben en Soria

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La escultura de ‘Los Templarios’, del escultor Eduardo Mazariegos, tendrá que seguir ‘durmiendo’ en una nave de la avenida de Valladolid durante algún tiempo más.

Y es que, tal y como reconoció el concejal de Urbanismo, Luis Rey, su colocación en la capital se ha aparcado. Matizó que “no se ha descartado, pero ha dejado de ser una prioridad”.

Desde el Ayuntamiento se barajó, con motivo de Las Edades del Hombre y la remodelación de calles del barrio de San Pedro, instalarla en la plaza enfrente de la Concatedral. Finalmente, un pequeño árbol ocupó su lugar antes de la inauguración de la muestra. Aunque también se habló de la posibilidad de proceder posteriormente a su instalación, esta opción también ha sido descartada por el Ayuntamiento capitalino. “No se colocó entonces, ahora ya no, los vecinos están contentos con el árbol”, añadió Rey.

El principal problema con el que se topó el Ayuntamiento era económico, es decir, su adquisición. Hablamos de una pieza de 3.000 kilos con un coste de 80.000 euros, si la opción hubiera sido adquirirla en propiedad. En el caso de haber optado por el alquiler, este ascendía unos mil euros al mes, más el coste del seguro que había que contratar para evitar daños por vandalismo.

Sin embargo, tal y como señaló Rey, esta última opción, la del alquiler, ya fue desestimada “ya que no encontramos un seguro» que se adaptara a las necesidades que requería su protección”.

La propiedad de la pieza está en manos de Ángel González, el cual espera que algún día ‘Los Templarios’ tengan la oportunidad de ser expuestos y pueda por fin salir de la nave del polígono. Sin embargo, la propiedad intelectual sigue siendo del autor de la escultura, Eduardo Mazariegos.

No sería la primera vez que la pieza se expusiera. Ya sucedió hace más de 15 años, cuando ‘Los Templarios’ estuvieron en la Plaza Mayor de Soria. Posteriormente, tuvo la oportunidad de recorrer la geografía española y estuvo en la Expo de Sevilla y en Valladolid.

in elmundo.es

Representación de la caída del castillo templario en Monzón

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Los días 2, 3 y 4 de octubre se pondrá en escena Legendaria VI, templarios, la caída que es un evento que recreará la resistencia y rendición de la última fortaleza templaria de Monzón, mediante un proyecto turístico-educativo diseñado para enseñar la historia por medio del juego, la interpretación, la formación en valores y el aprendizaje.

El acto comienza el día 2 de octubre con la recepción de participantes en el pabellón Joaquín Saludas y la presentación de la actividad.

El sábado un pasacalles desde la plaza Mayor hasta el Castillo, teatro interactivo y conferencia en el Auditorio San Francisco “La Caída de los Templarios”. El domingo teatro interactivo y entrega de trofeos.

Lo organizan la Asociación Legendaria Simulación, Héroes del Destino, Patronato de Cultura, Comarca del Cinca Medio y Trotamundos.